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What Are The Differences Between Computers And Robots

The two terms “computer” and “robot” are household names at this point; even those who are technologically inept are familiar with these terms. You can tell that these items are quite new to our elderly population, as shown by the fact that they know what these things are and how they carry out their functions.

Please allow me to explain how we are becoming more accustomed to the presence of computers and robots. On the other hand, they are quite distinct from one another. There are a great number of tasks that a robot can carry out that a computer cannot, and there are a great number of tasks that a computer can carry out that a robot cannot.

Let’s go into a more in-depth discussion about these topics.

Main Difference

The primary distinction between a computer and a robot is that a computer is a straightforward technology that can be used for a wide variety of purposes, such as doing mathematical or logical processes, but a robot is a mechanical or virtual artificial agent that performs physical actions.


A computer is a device that, via the use of computer programming, can be told to automatically carry out procedures involving sequences of arithmetic or logical operations. The term “programme” refers to a standardised collection of instructions that may be followed by contemporary computers. These applications make it possible for computers to carry out an extraordinarily diverse array of responsibilities.

Control systems for a broad array of industrial and consumer devices are often implemented on computer hardware. This includes relatively straightforward devices with a specific purpose, such as microwave ovens and remote controls, complex devices used in factories, such as industrial robots and computer-aided design, as well as devices designed for general use, such as personal computers and mobile devices such as smartphones.

Calculating was the original purpose behind the creation of early computers. Since the beginning of time, humans have used basic manual tools like the abacus to help them with their mathematical computations. At the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, a number of mechanical devices were constructed to automate lengthy and laborious operations. Some of these machines were used to guide patterns for looms. At the beginning of the 20th century, more advanced electrical devices were used to do specific analogue computations. In the course of World War II, the development of the very first digital electronic computing computers took place. Since that time, there has been a significant increase in the speed of computers, in addition to their power and adaptability.

A contemporary computer is normally made up of at least one processing device, which is traditionally a central processing unit (CPU), plus some kind of memory. The processing element is responsible for performing logical and arithmetic operations, and a sequencing and control unit may alter the sequence in which the operations are performed in response to the information that has been saved. Input devices, such as keyboards, mice, joysticks, and so on; output devices, such as monitor displays and printers; and input/output devices, which may perform either or both duties, are all examples of peripheral devices (e.g., the 2000s-era touchscreen). Devices that are considered peripheral allow information to be obtained from an external source, and they also make it possible to preserve and retrieve the results of operations performed on the device.


What Are The Differences Between Computers And Robots

A device that can carry out a complicated sequence of operations on its own without human intervention is known as a robot. In particular, a robot is a machine that can be programmed by a computer. Robots may be led by a control device that is either external to the robot or incorporated inside the robot itself. It is possible to build robots in the likeness of humans, but in reality, most robots are just devices that have been programmed to carry out a certain function regardless of how they seem.

Autonomous or semi-autonomous operation is possible for robots, which come in a wide variety of forms, including humanoids like Honda’s Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility (ASIMO) and TOSY’s TOSY Ping Pong Playing Robot (TOPIO), as well as industrial robots, medical operating robots, patient assist robots, dog therapy robots, collectively programmed swarm robots, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) drones like General Atomics MQ-1 Pre A robot may give off the impression of intelligence or have its own thoughts by imitating human appearances and motions or by programming its own actions. Robotics is the branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing. It is anticipated that autonomous things will proliferate in the coming decade, with home robotics and the autonomous car being some of the main drivers. These technologies include the creation of robots that can function independently of humans in hazardous situations or industrial processes, or that may mimic human characteristics in terms of their appearance, behaviour, or cognitive abilities. A significant number of today’s robots take their cues from the natural world, which contributes to the growing area of bio-inspired robotics. These robots are also responsible for the development of a more recent subfield of robotics known as soft robotics.

There are several tales dating back to the period of ancient civilizations that describe user-configurable automated devices and even automata that resemble animals and people and were created largely for the purpose of providing amusement. As the Industrial Age progressed, more mechanical methods were created, which led to the development of more practical applications. Some examples of these applications are automated machines, remote control, and wireless remote control.

The word “robot” originates from the Czech word robota, which means “forced labour.” The word “robot” was first used to denote a fictional humanoid in a 1920 play titled R.U.R. (Rossumovi Univerzáln Roboti – Rossum’s Universal Robots) written by the Czech author Karel apek; however, Karel’s brother Josef apek was the true inventor of The invention of the first electronic autonomous robots in 1948 by William Grey Walter in Bristol, England, as well as the development of Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machine tools in the late 1940s by John T. Parsons and Frank L. Stulen, ushered in an era in which electronics became the primary driving force behind technological advancement. In 1954, George Devol constructed what would become the first commercially available, digital, and programmable robot. He called it the Unimate. It was sold to General Motors in 1961, and at the Inland Fisher Guide Plant in the West Trenton section of Ewing Township, New Jersey, it was used to lift pieces of hot metal from die casting machines. Robots have replaced humans in performing repetitive and dangerous tasks that humans would rather not do, or are unable to do because of size limitations, or which take place in extreme environments such as outer space or the bottom of the sea. Concerns have been raised over the increasing use of robots and the part they play in society. As they take over more and more jobs formerly performed by humans, robots are being held responsible for the rise in technological unemployment. There are ethical questions that arise from the employment of robots in armed conflict. In works of fiction, the prospects of robot autonomy and the possible implications have been discussed; in the future, this may be a genuine worry that has to be considered.

Is a robot a computer?

No. A robot is classified as a machine rather than a computer because of its mechanical nature. The computer bestows intelligence and the capacity to carry out functions onto the machine.

Can a robot be afraid?

No. A robot does not have the same capacity for feeling as a person. However, a programmer may instruct a robot to display human-like emotions in response to pre-programmed situations, and the robot would then behave in a human-like manner. For instance, a robot equipped with heat sensors may demonstrate dread if its temperature sensor registered a temperature higher than 100 degrees.

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